THE VIRTUAL APPLE ORCHARD
Contents: Featured Apples, Ken Priddy’s Apple Discoveries, Best Summer Apples, Triploid Apples, Late Blooming Apples, Apples Resistant to Cedar Apple Rust.
I have been interested in seedlings ever since I started growing apples. When I was a kid, my mom took us on a trip to pick roadside apples for cider near Turner, OR. This inspired me to try to find enough seedlings to plant an orchard. I didn’t know what to expect, but I started scouring the roadsides for apple seedlings. I tasted about 400 roadside apples and in a few years discovered 20 promising apple seedlings which were saved for further evaluation and testing. That’s about 1 in 20 open pollinated seedling apples that were worth grafting.
Many of you have discovered seedling apples that taste really good, or you may be planting open pollinated apple seeds in hopes of getting something special. Some of you are doing your own hand pollinations and evaluating the seedlings. Others have noticed good seedling apples around old orchard trees. I would like to hear about your apple exploring, and your experiances with seedling apples.
I want to make this a place were you can Promote your seedling apples. I recently read a story about an Oregon man who spent a lifetime collecting 100 seedling apples. After he sold his property, the new owners put goats in the orchard. The person writing the article was able to save only ten of the varieties.
This illustrates the need to stay in contact with other fruit growers and explorers. You may want to consider starting an apple exploring group, it could just be you and a friend for starters, who look for super seedlings in the fall and get together to evaluate the seedling selections. My goal is to find several people, who are willing to start a test orchard for selected superior seedling apples and distribute scoinwood.
I no longer have an orchard, but my seedling apples were saved from being lost forever, because I sent them to Nick Botner. Then, Wagon Wheel Orchard aquired my seedlings from Nick Botner. If you are interested in any of Ken Priddy’s apple seedlings listed two categories below, you can order benchgrafts in the winter or spring from Wagon Wheel Orchard.
Unfortunately Nick is retiring. But, there are some places you can send cuttings of your seedling. Wagon Wheel Orchard, maybe New York State Experimental Station, and others. Check my Links section for more information. Also send cuttings of your seedling to anyone who will grow them.
There are several places that will graft for your seedling discovery for you. Big Horse Creek Farm is a good place to get your apple tree grafted, since they have well rooted rootstock. Heirloom Apple Tree will also graft you a tree from your scion wood. Many other nurseries will do custom grafting. Check my Links section. Just contact them, preferably before they get really busy.
I found a place that will evaluate your apple discovery for commercial potential. Moser Fruit Tree Nursery – “If you have a new discovery, either a seedling or a sport, of something that you think is unique or special, and want a small quantity of trees we can grow them for you. We can also help evaluate it and work with our major nursery partners to determine its commercial potential and develop it further.”
What are your experinces and opinions about eating and growing apples. What is your favorite apple? What apples do you dislike? (Some heirlooms are not very good tasting.) What apple trees are healthy and easy to grow, and what apples are diseased or difficult to grow? What apples don’t do well in your climate? What apples would you like to try? What apple rootstocks do you use? What is your favorite apple recipie?
Grandma Robison Seedling – Ted Swensen found it in his grandmother’s yard in Monmouth, OR. Spectacularly delicious: High flavored, sweet and acid, with lots of character. I want to find this rare apple.
Claygate Pearmain – Crisp and very sweet. Juice runs down your chin when you bite into it, A triploid, which means it has three sets of 17 chromosomes. Triploids produce very little viable pollen and cannot be used as pollinators. For their own successful pollination and good crops they need at least one or two diploids. Excellent!
Champoeg Russet – Small apple, yellow skin almost entirely covered with heavy russet. Crisp flesh with a superior flavor. Discovered by Rick Valley at Champoeg park in OR.
Pioneer – Rich sweet-tart flavor. Excellent, Stores well. Ripens October 1.
Russet Red – Beautiful conical shaped, medium size apple. Red skin with yellow on one side and half covered with russet. Crisp, yellow flesh, very good flavor. Good storage. Ripens September 25. I discovered this apple in salem OR in 1989. It was found in a fencerow growing intertwined with an undesireable seedling. I marked the correct branches with plastic tie and returned the next spring for scionwood. The tree was killed one or two years later.
Early Banana – Very large, round, yellow apple. Crisp, fine grained flesh with a very good tangy flavor, Very healthy and vigerous tree, excellent bearing habits, great apple. Ripens in August.
Late Harrison – This is a very unusual apple. Like winter pears, it needs to be picked early and ripened off the tree. Pick in early September while still green and ripen in the crisper until Christmas, when they turn bright yellow, and the flesh is dense, very crisp, sweet, and juicy. It usually had some kind of disease that caused red spots on the skin and a slimy coating on the apple. I never went back to check the tree after September, so it may ripen on the tree in December.
Northern Spy – tart, great cooking apple
Summer Buff – (Apple Search) “One of my best apples, large to very large, round and slightly tapered, a delicious unique taste, ripe early September, from Haywood Co., NC; when I first started apple hunting I had heard of a Buff apple, now I have found at least six different Buff apples.”
Canadian Strawberry – A round appple that is medium to large. Yellow with some green background, striping, and red-orange spots. Flesh is juicy and slightly tart and has a distinctive superb flavor. Ripens in September. Keeps about one month.
Tenderskin – (Lawson’s Nursery) “Known here in the North Georgia mountains as Tenderine, It is one of the very best tasting apples we grow, medium size or larger, The skin is yellow, very thin and tender, striped and splashed with red. Yellowish flesh is tender with a very fine flavor.”
Yates – Small red apple. The red goes down into the flesh when fully ripe. The flesh is white, tender, juicy, aromatic, mildly subacid. A very late keeper and has a very fine flavor. Used as a cider apple. Ripens in October. No way can you eat just one Yates apple.
Orleans Reinette – This late dessert apple is one of the finest flavoured apples available. Round, flattened, medium to large apple with greenish-yellow fruit with some cinnamon russet in most cases and a dull orange red blush. Flesh is creamy white, firm and fine-textured and very juicy with a taste first of sweet oranges followed by a nutty flavor. It is very different from modern apples, being firm and crunchy rather than crisp to the bite. Though tender, almost to the point of mealiness, this apple still has a little crunch. Apples fall from the tree as soon as ripe. Trees are vigorous, scab and canker resistant, and heavily spurred. Hardy tree which crops well but can become biennial. Ripens in mid-October and can be used from November to January.
King of the Pippins (Reine de Reinnettes) – probably French arising in 1770s. medium sized golden yellow fruits with a profusion of red stripes and russeting at the bottom, thick skinned. Lots of flavor, highly aromatic; rich, sweet sharp, vinous, almost nutty at times. Its sharp complex flavor does not appeal to everyone. Fairly high acid, but well balanced by sugar when it finally ripens up all the way around the first or second week of october (the last week of ripening makes a huge difference). Pale cream flesh is dense, fine grained, firm, crisp, and moderately juicy. Flesh browns quickly after being cut. It is excellent for eating fresh but also has many culinary uses. It keeps its shape when cooked, and the sweet-sharp juice may also be used for making fresh apple juice and in cider-making. It is noticeably late blooming. Partially self-fertile. naturally small, upright, heavy cropping, but much thinning required for good sized fruit. The tree is vigorous and it is crucial to keep it under control by pruning, to prevent biennial bearing. Remove vertical branches and shorten side branches. Fruiting wood is mostly horizontal. No problem with scab. It is quite slow to start fruiting. Ripens mid October and stores well approximately until Christmas time. It is fully hardy.
Karmijn de Sonnaville – Netherlands 1949 (Cox’s Orange Pippin x Jonathan) Medium to large apple, though shape can be irregular. gorgeous apple. Yellow ground colour when ripe, with a brick red flush, and russet depending on the season. One of the strongest-flavored apples. Excellent rich, robust, aromatic flavor with masses of sugar and acidity and crisp juicy flesh. it is so intensely flavored and aromatic, that it overwhelms some tastes when just off the tree. Put these apples in a box when it ripens in mid-October and wait about a month for the complex mellow flavors to start shining through. Excellent for baking as it retains some shape. It is an incredible keeper, retaining its flavour and texture (if you keep it nice and chilled) all the way into the spring following harvest. Midseason blooming, triploid, Spur-bearer. Fruit is susceptible to pre-harvest drop. Apple scab susceptible. A vigorous grower. Growth habit is spreading and vigorous. Flowers are large and beautiful. Does best in areas with cooler summers. Ripens in September to mid-October.
Tompkins County King (King) – Originated around 1750. Introduced in 1804. Large apple that is somewhat flattened in shape and ribbed at the eye and on the body and rectangular to truncate-conic in shape with a greasy skin. Flushed a pale-red with darker red stripes over a yellow-green background and white or russet dots. The stem cavity is also russeted. A very flavorful apple. The flesh is course, but tender, crisp and juicy. Aromatic, with excellent rich flavour balanced with sweetness and tartness. Excellent for eating, pies, sauce and cider. Tends to water core which creates very sweet translucent patches in the flesh and shortens storage life, but many find it enhances flavor. Sometimes does not retain its flavour well in storage and the skin becomes very greasy in storage. Recommended for sweet eating right off the tree in October. Tastes the way an apple should taste. It has high resistance to scab but is susceptible to fireblight. Blooms midseason and the bloom lasts for a long period. It’s a triploid, but is partially self-fertile. It is a tip bearer. Annually bears a medium to heavy crop. The tree is precocious, vigorous and productive. The young grafted trees outgrow all others. The limbs grow nearly horizontal making a spreading tree. Some people report that it is not a reliable bearer nor a heavy cropper. It has fewer growing problems and improved quality in cooler climates with moderate summers and high humidity where there is less apt to be periods of hot, dry weather. Grows well in the south only in the mountains. Ripens September to October depending upon location; hangs on the tree until it’s past its prime. Keeps for 3 or 4 months.
KEN PRIDDY’S APPLE DISCOVERIES
- Aroma, Priddy #9 – Green, aromatic, crisp. Tangy flavor. Good early apple. Had scab one year in five. Discovered in a fencerow in Salem, OR, Ripens August 20
- Baptist (Claygate Pearmain) – Green skin with splashes of red on one side. Russet on the bottom half and a little near the top. Long and very stout stem. Crisp and very sweet. Juice runs down your chin when you bite into it, Excellent! Ripens October 28. Found at the Babtist Bible College, formerly the TB Hospital, in Salem, OR. The students used these apples to make apple cider for Halloween. After a misguided pruning to this old tree in 1990, it wasn’t bearing and was cut down about three years later. The tree was later identified as Claygate Permain. A triploid, which means it has three sets of 17 chromosomes. Triploids produce very little viable pollen and cannot be used as pollinators. For their own successful pollination and good crops they need at least one or two diploids.
- Brush College #218 – Large, red with white dots, firm flesh, tart. Questionable quality, needs more testing.
- Champoeg Russet – Small apple, yellow skin almost entirely covered with heavy russet. Sometimes has a red blush. Crisp flesh with a superior flavor. Discovered by Rick Valley at Champoeg park in OR.
- Cougar #106 – Sweet-tart flavor, orange-red, lopsided, ribbed. Discovered in a fencerow in Turner, OR, Ripens September 10
- Early Banana #219 – Very large, round, yellow apple. Crisp, fine grained flesh with a very good tangy flavor, harvest before the fruit cracks and quality goes down. Very healthy and vigerous tree, excellent bearing habits, great apple. Ripens in August. Found growing in a vacant lot in Salem, OR in 1992.
- Farmer’s Early Sweet – Yellow Transparent type, but sweet. By the time I picked them, they were very soft, may be better if picked earlier.
- Late Harrison #154 – This is NOT the Harrison apple. Named after my friend Al Harrison. Large, oblong, green, Susceptable to red spot? Pick in early September while still green and ripen in the crisper until Christmas, when they turn bright yellow, and the flesh is very crisp, sweet, and juicy. I never checked this tree after September, so it’s possible that the apples will ripen on the tree in December. Discovered in a fencerow in Salem, OR.
- McCleay #204 (MeCleay) – Medium sized, flattened round, red. Tart, melting flesh. Discovered in a fencerow in McCleay, OR, Ripens September 25
- Mill Creek #7 – Small, red apple. Small tree. Late blooming and leafing, heavy and dependable crops, discovered in Turner, OR near Mill Creek. Ripens September 25
- Moms Red – Large red apple found growing in a swampy area next to my mom’s house in Salem, OR. Excellent for eating.
- Pioneer #92 (Pionier) – Characteristicly unevenly shaped apples. Light red with darker stripes and splashes, yellow undercoat. Rich sweet-tart flavor. Excellent, Stores well. Ripens October 1. Found in a fencerow in West Stayton, OR. I got scionwood from this tree in 1988 after I drove through a field litered with very large rocks and, after looking around, found that this tree had been bulldozed over by the farmer. Wagonwheel Orchards say this apple is a “popular choice.”
- Priddy’s Prize #215 (Priddy’s Pride) – Large, unevenly shaped, dull green with red streaks, Crispy flesh, excellent tart flavor. Ripens September 30. Clifford Priddy and Ken Priddy discovered this fencerow apple on a fruit exploring trip in Salem, OR about 1992. We obtained scionwood the next spring, and one month later the tree was cut down.
- Red Transparent – Very large apples, very large tree, early season variety, sweet creamy flesh, gets soft very fast. Discovered in a fencerow in Aumsville, OR.
- Revival #24 – Large, round, yellow apple with brilliant orange and red streaks, very good fine grained flesh. Ripens October 30. Found growing in a fencerow at the Revival Campground in Turner, OR about 1986. Only bore good fruit about one year in four in the wild.
- Russet Red #195 – Beautiful conical shaped, medium size apple. Red skin with yellow on one side and half covered with russet. Crisp, yellowish flesh, very good flavor. Good storage. Ripens September 25. I discovered this apple in Salem OR in 1989. It was found in a fencerow growing intertwined with an undesireable seedling. I marked the correct branches with plastic tie and returned the next spring for scionwood. The tree was killed one or two years later.
- Salem Cider #221 – Medium sized, round, greenish-yellow, crisp apple with an excellent cider taste. Seedling found in a fencerow North of Salem, OR about 1993.
- Scottys Prolific #114 (Prolific) – small, 2 1/4 inches across, pale yellow sometimes with a very light red blush, very mild tart flavor, crisp fine grained flesh, turns mealy after a few weeks in the refrigerator, precious and bears very abundantly, regular bearing. Yellow Transparent seedling. Discovered in a fencerow in Salem, OR. I would like to see this tested as a rootstock. Ripens August 30
- Skyview #206 – Rootstock sprout from a grafted crabapple. Medium-large, red, tangy, melting flesh. Does not keep. Ripens September 25.
- Tina’s Favorite #126 – Probably a seedling of Winter Banana, small yellow apple, very strong aroma when fully ripe, flavor similar to Winter Banana.
- Stayton Crab – Small, oblong cylinder, Bright shiny red with bright green on one side. Very crisp and tart. Malus fusca hybrid. Ripens September 15. I discovered this apple on a fruit exploring trip along the Freeway in Stayton, OR. I lost this apple. I sent it two different people, but they couldn’t get it grafted
- Goldenstein – a cross of Gravenstein and Golden Delicous, ripened between the two, medium size round apple with red stripes. The road crews cut it down before I could graft it.
- Pear Apple Hybrid – Earl Smith, who lived in the hills of Gopher Valley, OR, gave me scion wood of this tree. Earl said that someone sneaked a scion of this fruit from the Universety of Minnesota, Looks exactly like Hudsons Golden Gem. Most people don’t know this, but Hudsons Golden Gem is a pear/apple hybrid.
- Lost Apple – Found at Cloverdale, OR in 1985. Probably at least 50 years old. The tree was medium size, spreading, very healthy, and productive. Large conical shaped fruit, yellow skin that looked like golden delicous with large russet lenticles. A heavy russet line ran vertically from the stem to the blossum end. Crisp, fine grained, and very juicy flesh. Excellent! One of the best apples I have ever eaten. This tree was growing in a farmer’s field next to a Maple Tree, and there was an old driveway, so there was a farmhouse there at one time, and there is a good chance that this was a grafted tree. I’m sure this was a sport of Golden Delicous. About three years after I discovered this tree, the farmer cut it down. What a loss!
Best Summer Apples
Alkmene (Early Windsor) – (Cox’s Orange Pippen x Duchess of Oldenburg) Raised in Germany in the 1930′s, A strong flavored, zesty apple that tends to be smaller in size. The intense flavor reminds us of the sweet tart candy we used to get as kids. The all time best apple I have ever eaten. Superb, like the yumminess of cox orange pippin fused with Gravenstein deliciousness. If you like a strong, tart apple, early in the season, then give this a try. Alkmene is a wonderful apple for cool season growing areas such as the Pacific Northwest, West of the mountains. It does not taste as good if grown in hot season areas. Medium to medium small. Has a clear red bloom on a yellow skin, sometimes it is a red-orange color. Super aromatic, dense to hard, cream colored flesh with a distinct aroma. Noticeably juicier than Cox. Crisp when first picked, but does not store well. Delicious as an eating apple and as an early cooking apple. It makes heavenly dried apples. Makes a smaller than average tree, Annual bearing. Considerable scab tolerance. Ripens in early September for some people. Others say it starts ripening at the end of July and peaks Aug 5-10. Fruit keeps for about a one and a half months.
Aunt Rachel – Originated as local apple in Chatham County, North Carolina. Fruit begins ripening early in the season and continues for two to three weeks. One of the best early season apples, Aunt Rachel is a medium to large, red-striped apple covered with prominent light dots. Very attractive with very fine flavor. Ripens July to early August.
Beverly Hills – This is a truly amazing apple, Developed in California, Low-chilling variety (250 hours) that bears especially well in Southern California coastal areas. They go mealy within three days off the tree, but when they are fresh they are outstanding. There is an aromatic flavor in it that I’ve not detected anywhere else. Definitely a Summer apple texture. Doesn’t look very spectacular, in fact, small to medium-sized with a pale greenish yellow skin with infrequent blushes or strips of red. Can’t pick by color, need to rely on odor and softness. The flesh is sweet but mildly tart and tender, complex and aromatic, juicy. Delicious, eat one and you want to have another. Hot conditions reduce the fruit quality, ideal for cooler areas, such as the southern California coast. They’ll turn to mush in the heat, but with afternoon shade, they are delicious. Pollination is required for fruit production. Yields heavy crops of attractive, medium-sized fruit, Ripens mid-August. Early blooming, self fertile. Careful early training, annual pruning and shaping are required to insure healthy and productive trees. Attains a multi-branched, rounded canopy. Peak of ripening is August 1st but seems to ripen over a long period of time. Apple is very large if thinned properly and pretty big even with less thinning.
Calvin – This rather large yellow summer variety is superb for dessert or cooking. Traditionally, it was used for making brandy and cider. Ripens in North Georgia in late July or early August.
Carolina Red June : A North Carolina apple originating before 1800, this apple is perhaps the best eating apple to ripen before July. A cute, small to medium apple, its beauty is exceptional for such an early apple. It is prized for its cooking quality as well. The tree does well on many different soils, is productive, and tends to bloom late, assuring a crop most years. It is susceptible to apple scab and cedar apple rust. The fruit ripens over a period of several weeks. This apple is a must for apple lovers. The flesh is white, fine grained, tender, juicy, and briskly subacid. Ripens late June into July.
Cherryville Black – This variety was collected by Lee Calhoun in 1987 from Ernest Sellers of Cherryville, NC. It is an unique variety grown by the Sellers family for many years. Believed to be named for Elszy Black, grandfather of Mr. Sellers. Calhoun describes this as one of his favorite late July apples. Fruit medium sized, with greenish skin, covered with dull red and numerous red stripes. White flesh is crisp and very juicy. Ripens late July to August and is not a good keeper.
Davidson Sweeting – Discovered in 1994 by Dr. L.R. Littleton, this old apple tree was found, barely clinging to life, in the old Berrier Orchard near Cana, Virginia. The apple has been long prized by the Berrier family for making outstanding apple preserves. Fruit is medium in size, somewhat oblate, with light yellow skin with light red striping. Ripens in August.
Detroit Red – An old-time favorite for those who like a tart juicy apple. Great for fresh eating, cider, applesauce and drying. A medium size apple colored green with a red blushing. Ripens late July to early August.
Early Banana – Large round, yellow apple. Crisp, fine grained flesh with a very good tangy flavor, Very healthy and vigerous tree, excellent bearing habits, great apple. Found growing in a vacant lot in Salem, OR in 1992. Ripens in August.
Early Joe – This apple originated with Heman Chapin of Ontario County, New York around 1800. Mr. Chapin is also responsible for giving rise to Northern Spy, another truly fine apple variety. Early Joe first received recognition in 1843 at a fair exhibition in Rochester, New York. The medium-sized apple is slightly conical in shape with thin, greenish-yellow skin and striped and splashed with dark red. The yellowish-white flesh is tender, juicy, and very flavorful. An early season variety ripening July to August.
Gravenstein – A very old European apple. It was introduced into the United States in the 1820′s by Russian settlers moving into California. An oblong or lopsided fruit having bright yellow skin with a pinkish-orange flush and light red striping. The creamy yellow flesh is tender, crisp, juicy, and aromatic. Excellent for cooking. A triploid, which means it has three sets of 17 chromosomes. Triploids produce very little viable pollen and cannot be used as pollinators. For their own successful pollination and good crops they need at least one or two diploids. Ripens July to August in most areas and is not a good keeper.
Garden Royale – Very balanced, mild, and subacidic. Light yellow with splashes of orange, green, and red. It is considered by many to be one of the best eating apples of late summer and early autumn. The flesh is firm, very tender, aromatic, and with a delicate, pleasant acid flavor.
Golden Nugget – (A 1932 cross of Golden Russet x Cox’s Orange Pippin) Kentville, NS 1949. It watercores heavily but is an excellent-tasting early russet. A small, broadly conical, long-stemmed predominately yellow fruit with orange streaks and splashes, sometimes netted and spotted with russet. Crisp, juicy flesh with extra sweet, rich, most delicious mellow flavor. Excellent all purpose apple. Fine for eating out of hand, makes delicious pies, sauce and apple butter. Moderately vigorous with thin branches and many slender fruit spurs vigorous, disease resistant tree. Midseason bloom. Self sterile and requires a pollinator, ripens late. Short storage life: 1-2 months.
Hollow Log – This flavorful and colorful apple originated in Rutherford County, North Carolina. It is a very late bloomer thus escaping most late spring frosts. As described by Valdesian Nurseries of Bostic, NC, in the 1920′s, it is a “large fruit, deep yellow in color, tender, crisp, very juicy and with a most delicious, aromatic, spicy flavor.” Ripens late June and can be picked into August.
Honey Cider (Honey Sweet) – In the mid-1970′s famed apple collector, Elwood Fisher, discovered this apple growing in the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia. Fruit is medium-sized with pale yellow skin flushed with light pink. The flesh is firm, juicy and very sweet. The tree has an open, spreading growth habit and requires little pruning. The fruit exhibits excellent disease resistance. A great cider and dessert apple. Ripens in August.
Jake’s Seedling – Apple collector, Lee Calhoun, obtained this apple from Herbert Childress of Kentucky who himself is a collector of heirloom apples. The apple originated in Russell County, Kentucky, on the farm of J. B. Garner. For many years this apple was a county fair prize winner for “Best Apple”. Fruit is medium, slightly conical and somewhat flattened on the ends. The smooth skin is yellowish with a red blush on the sunny side, sometimes entirely red. The greenish-white flesh is crisp. Fine-grained and juicy. Ripens in August.
Melba – 1898, This is one of the very best summer apples. The color is mostly red or pinkish red. The Melba apple is crisp and juicy. The white flesh is firm and crisp with a subacid flavor. The fruit holds up well for a summer apple.
Mollie’s Delicous – (Gravenstein X Golden Delicious) New York, 1966, A very good to excellent early apple. An excellent apple for mild winter climates. This one lives up to its name, it’s delicious, Sweet, firm, crisp, and aromatic but with not much acid. A beautiful large to very large apple with smooth, red blushed skin over pale cream, distinctive conic shape. stays crisp in the heat, keeps rather well. It is hard to tell when they are ripe, as the appearance is no indication and if you leave it too long they are mushy. But at the right time, they are excellent eating with a very pleasing aftertaste. Good off the tree, great after a month in storage. Very good to eat fresh, in sauce or pies. Somewhat delinquent in bearing and a tendency toward biannual bearing are its chief faults. Growth habit is moderately vigorous and spreading. Pollinator required. One of the easiest to train. Ripe Aug 18-Sep 8, Keeps for up to 10 weeks in cold storage.
MonArk – from the University of Arkansas. MonArk is exceptional for an early apple. Very large, somewhat flat in shape, 90% red to striped red over green skin, with crisp white flesh, not overly tart, Excellent eating quality and has a very fine flavor for a summer apple, Firm crisp flesh with superb tartness and a superb texture from the tree. Good for fresh eating, cooking, drying. This is one of the finest early pie apples and an unusually good keeper for an early variety. Keeps well for 6 weeks, or more, under refrigeration without going mealy. Tree is vigorous, very spreading and very hardy. Very precocious and productive. It is a great disease resistant variety. Preharvest drop is a concern. Extended harvest season, requiring multiple pickings or a stop-drop application. Ripens in July and blooms mid-season, needs a pollinator.
Orange Sweet apple – An amazing summer apple. Antique apple from Maine. Small to medium, somewhat conical fruit. Pale yellow apple often somewhat blushed, nearly orange yellow when ripe. Flesh tinged with yellow, moderately fine grained, tender, moderately sweet. Perfect for fresh eating, dry fine tender yellowish flesh has a substantial crunch to it. Rich sweet flavor and crisp texture. Hangs 1-2 weeks when ripe, tough Skin. Ripens in August.
Priscilla – (Starking Red Delicious x unnamed variety) It was developed by the Purdue, Rutgers, Illinois Co Op in 1994. Medium size fruit. Green-yellow to pale yellow or cream ground color. Very bright finish, slightly striped, splashed, 70% to 95% medium red blush. Moderately aromatic, Licorice aroma, mildly acid to sweet, and rich in flavor, moderately juicy, very good dessert quality. Medium grained, unusually crisp and breaking white flesh at harvest. Best soon after picking, retains quality for two to three months or more in refrigerated storage if properly handled. Moderate vigor, annual cropping. Fruit hangs on the tree until over-ripe. Somewhat thin branched, medium size tree. Field immune to apple scab; high level of resistance to fire blight; high level of resistance to cedar-apple rust; good level of resistance to powdery mildew. Small fruit size if not properly thinned; over-cropping, Ripens Aug 22-30.
Pristine – Purdue, Rutgers, Illinois – 1994, Patented, It is a descendant of the Camuzat apple. One of the earliest to ripen. It can be grown without fungicides. Pristine is a high quality dessert apple. Beautiful, smooth, glossy lemon-yellow, often moderately blushed orange, apple with a perfect finish, thin skin. Flesh is pale yellow, crisp and slightly breaking yet melting, medium to fine grained. Mildly acid to sweet. Tangy, slightly spicy, moderately rich, Juicy, full flavored and incredibly crisp delicate texture. It’s got that real apple flavor. Has very nice aromas after it’s had a chance to sit on the counter for a week or two and doesn’t go mealy. This high quality apple is very productive and is a good keeper for an early apple. It is best eaten fresh. Good for eating, baking, sauce, and juice. very similar to Yellow Transparent. Despite its seemingly pale color it resisted sunburn during our brutally hot weather. Very early bearing. Moderate vigor, round-top, spreading, semi-spur type, some biennial tendency. Requires multiple pickings. Field immune to scab, resistant to powdery mildew, slightly resistant to cedar-apple rust and moderately resistant to fire blight. Blooms mid to late mid-season. Ripens mid July to August. Retains excellent quality and texture at least 4 to 6 weeks in refrigerated storage but remains edible for at least 12 weeks.
Puduckah – A very fine summer apple and one of the best. It holds up real well for a summer apple and is excellent for eating fresh or for cooking. Very hardy trees that are resistant to many diseases.
Reverend Morgan – A local family heirloom of the Deep South, originating in Houston, Texas, an area not conducive to growing a wide variety of apples. The apple was first raised by Reverend Herman T. Morgan in 1965 from seeds of Granny Smith and produced its first fruit in 1972. It is well adapted to most regions and has been raised in agricultural zones 7 through 9 as well as areas further north. Fruit is medium to large, roundish-conical with rich pinkish-red skin. A fine quality apple that ripens in August.
Sansa – a cross between the Gala and Akane apples which originated in Japan in 1969. A wonderful late Summer apple. Small to Medium size apple tending to size up late in its development. Shape is conical-round, has a bright-red stripe on blush on a yellow-green background and has a similar appearance to Gala; it is eye-catching and attractive. The background color pales just before harvest giving the red overcolour its bright appearance. Some russet occurs around the stem region. In terms of flavor, Sansa is essentially an early-ripening Gala. It inherits Gala’s inherent sweetness, but with more acidity. The flavor is well developed, complex, sweet-tart, crunchy, fruity. The green-white has firm but tender flesh, juicy and strongly aromatic, with occasional licorice overtones. Like most early-season apples Sansa does not keep, and is best eaten straight from the tree. It can be kept fresh in a fridge for a week or so. Something particularly noteworthy with Sansa is they don’t really turn brown when cut, so they are a nice variety to use as slices on a fruit/veggie plate or in a salad. If you like Gala you should definitely give Sansa a try. Trees are of medium vigour. Late July. Blooms mid season, Ripens in late August or early September. Somewhat disease-resistant.
Sansa originated from a cross between ‘Gala’ and ‘Akane’ made in 1969 by the late Dr Don McKenzie at the then DSIR Fruit Research Division’s (now HortResearch) station at Havelock North. Don McKenzie was asked to make the cross by Dr Yoshio Yoshida of the Morioka Research Station at Iwate, Japan. ‘Akane’ pollen was sent to Havelock North and used to pollinate flowers of ‘Gala’ trees which were then unavailable in Japan. The cross was made and seed was sent back to Japan the following summer. Subsequently, a selection was made at Morioka in 1981 and tested as Morioka No 42. It was released in 1988 in Japan as ‘Sansa’. ‘Sansa’ could not be released earlier in New Zealand because of difficulties relating to Plant Variety Rights.
Spice (of N. Georgia) – Over the years there have been numerous varieties of old southern apples named “Spice” which originated in small local communities or regions but never gained much attention outside their areas of origin. Calhoun lists several examples of these in his book, including Virginia Spice, Spice Sweet, Early Spice, Cumberland Spice and Winter Spice. The Spice apple of northern Georgia was made available to the public by our friend Joyce Neighbors of Gadsden, Alabama. It is an old family apple dating back over 100 years. It is a fine fresh-eating apple and makes great apple pie. An early apple variety, ripening in July to August.
State Fair – A 1977 release from the University of Minnesota. (Mantet x Oriole) A very high quality late summer apple. Fruit is round, smooth, conic, medium size. Brilliantly striped with reddish orange over a yellow background. It has a semi-acid to sweet, complex and simply delicious flavor. with juicy, white creamy flesh that is firmer, more aromatic and crunchy than other Summer apples. very aromatic and also has a unique standout flavor. I’d classify it in the same type of flavor and texture category as Beverly Hills, but stores a bit better. This is a very good eating apple. Better than William’s pride. Uses: Eating, Salads, Sauce and baking. The medium size tree is a good producer. It is very cold hardy and needs a pollinator. State Fair is especially recommended for trial in regions where winter hardiness and a short growing season are limiting factors. Ripens in mid-late August.
Summer Champion – Originates from Arkansas. Once an important commercial variety in Texas. This is one of the better summer apples. Medium-sized round-conical shaped. Yellow green skin covered with red and pink stripes. Flesh semifirm, juicy, nearly white and moderately subacid developing a balanced flavor with old time apple taste. It is a very productive variety. Ripens late July to August.
Summer Orange – In the early 1980′s, Lee Calhoun rediscovered this old North Carolina apple growing in a homeowner’s field in Chatham County, NC. From 1920 – 1928, Summer Orange was listed in an old catalog from a small nursery located in Chatham Co. It apparently was grown only in Chatham and nearby counties and never became commercially popular. The fruit is large, round, and light greenish-yellow in color with dark specks. Great for apple pie.
Summer Pearmain (American Summer Pearmain) – Predating 1817, when it was described by Coxe in America. By 1826 it had entered the collection of London Horticultural Society, at Chiswick. Hogg, in 1884, described it as medium sized, oblong, regular and handsome. The skin is yellow with patches and streaks of pale red, with brighter red near the sun. The flesh is yellow, tender, rich and pleasantly flavoured. He adds it is an excellent early apple for dessert or culinary purposes, ripe at the end of August and keeping to the end of September. The fruit ripens gradually on the tree over a period of at least four weeks, must be picked when ripe or its peak flavor is lost. A good bearer and good on light soils. Scott calls it ‘rich and highly esteemed in America’. Tree is a weak grower and fireblight susceptible. This is an early blooming variety and matures late July to August.
Summer Treat – A cross of ‘Mollie’s Delicious’ from the New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station, patented by Stark Brother’s Nurseries and introduced in 1982. Large to very large, of angular, oblong-conic shape, very similar to ‘Delicious’, with glossy skin blushed 70-100% dark orange red over a yellowish-green background. Its creamy Flesh is cream colored, firm, crisp, with a sweet, uncomplicated taste. Strongly aromatic, super juicy and sweet but great flavor. Peak flavor for this variety doesn’t last long. Fruits hang well, but lose quality quickly and become mealy if not harvested. Storage life is short. Properly harvested fruit will remain firm for seven days at room temperature. During cool seasons, this variety tastes better than ‘Gravenstein’, which ripens at the same time. Summer Treat is possibly the best summer apple for fresh eating right off the tree.
Tony (Tony Apple) – This is a wonderful North Carolina apple. A local apple once widely grown in Rowan, Stanly and Cabarrus counties in central North Carolina, Tony is high quality apple considered by many to be one of the finest for applesauce, apple butter, pies and drying. The fruit is small to medium and somewhat conical in shape. The skin is light green with an occasional light red blush on the sunny side. The fine-grained white flesh is white, moderately juicy and not very crisp. Ripens August to September.
Viking – Developed by the Purdue, Rutgers, Illinois Co Op and introduced in 1969. You have to grow this one. This is an older summer variety with typical summer apple characteristics. Medium in size with glossy, smooth fruit with 60% very deep, dark maroon to purple over green skin. Fine grained, sweet-tart, mild and firm white flesh. The texture is light and somewhat soft. The skin is thin and tender. Crisp and juicy, richly flavorful with acid component. Highly aromatic and holds its flavor well when cooked. Tastes better than Williams Pride. Keeps about 1 month. Ripens Aug/Sept, stores for 6-8 weeks. Fruit matures on August 7 and requires two or three spot pickings. Not an easy variety to grow.
William’s Pride – A new disease resistant apple from the PRI program. (PRI 1018-101 X NJ 50), having Rome, Mollie’s Delicious, Julyred, Jonathan, Melba, Wealthy and Starr in its background. Named after Purdue apple breeder Edward B. Williams. The name is not to be confused with William’s Favorite, an old variety from Roxbury, Mass. A medium to large firm feeling apple, round to conic, variable shape; lime green to pale yellow ground color, washed and faintly striped, bright, 70 to 99% medium to dark maroon red or purple-red is striking in appearance. Conspicuous, slightly sunken lenticels. Has excellent dessert quality with crisp, juicy, aromatic flesh and moderately to mildly sub-acid, rich and slightly spicy flavor. Some compare its flavour to Empire. Medium to coarse grained, cream colored, firm, very crisp and breaking flesh, crisp, juicy, Excellent summer dessert quality. Cut pieces do not turn brown and they hold their shape when cooked. The heat has made them really good, sweet, aromatic, dark red and full of flavor. In Southern California it blossoms during May’s 105-degree heat and still sets a full crop annually. Best eaten fresh. Wait until the stem end is completely red to pick. The ripest apples have a pinkish flesh that makes a nicely colored apple sauce. Retains quality and crisp flesh texture for 6 weeks or more in refrigerated storage. It bears early and heavily even on vigorous rootstocks. Annual cropping, with slight biennial tendencies. field immune to scab and cedar apple rust and highly resistant to fireblight, moderately resistant to powdery mildew, resists sooty blotch, Vigorous, upright, spreading, 90″ crotch angles, very spurry wood. It sometimes gets bitter pit and water core. Fruit borne in clusters on short spurs, may tend to be pushed off as they swell, giving some loss to dropped fruit. Slightly coarse flesh texture. An early bloomer with long lasting blossoms. Needs thinning to keep it annual bearing and it may require several pickings as it ripens unevenly. Appears to be hardy to Zone 3b. Ripens early August to early September.
Yankee Sweet – Once a very popular in certain areas of Virginia, it is now a very rare variety. Described as excellent for making apple preserves and marmalade. Fruit is medium-sized and slightly flattened on the ends with light green or yellow skin. The fine-grained yellowish flesh is moderately crisp, juicy and sweet. Ripens August to September.
Yellow Transparent – Of Russian origin brought into this country in 1870 by the USDA. Resistant to cedar apple rust and scab and can be grown in all areas of the South including the warmer coastal plain. Fruit is medium sized with smooth transparent yellow skin. White-fleshed, tender, fine-grained and juicy. Flavor is quite tart and tangy. Quite good for eating, but they are only good for 2 days after ripening. Makes excellent applesauce. Ripens June to July, depending on location.
Zestar (Minnewashta) – University of Minnesota – 1999, (State Fair x MN1691) Probably the longest keeping and most flavorful Summer apple ever bred. A medium to large, yellow apple that’s flushed with red with light, crisp and very juicy flesh. Outstanding well-balanced flavor and feather-light crunchy texture, Has an excellent sweet-tart balance with a brown sugar overtone. The quality is fantastic with great flavor similar to Honeycrisp. Best for fresh eating but also good for baking, sauce, and juice. The side of the fruit facing the sun develops a sweet spot that’s brighter red and wildly flavorful. Uses: Baking, Eating, Pies, Sauce. It’s a bit too brisk and tart when fresh off the tree but it’s just about perfect after a week or two on the counter or in storage for a while. Ripens in late August to early September. Stores super well for 10 months or so in refrigeration. The tree is very cold hardy.
Ambri Kashmiri ——————- Lady Henniker
Andrew Lea ————————— Libdel
Annie Elizabeth? ——————— McIntosh?
Arkansas Black ———————- Melrose
Ashmead’s Kernel ——————- Merton Pride
Baldwin ——————————– Morgan Sweet
Baron Wood ————————– Mutsu
Beauty of Bath ———————- Nemes Szercsika Alma
Belle de Boskoop ——————- Norfolk Beefing
Blenheim Orange ——————- Orleans Reinette
Blood Red —————————— Red Astrachan
Blue Pearmain ———————— Red Booskoop
Bohnapfel ——————————- Red Bramley
Braeburn ——————————– Red McIntosh
Bramley 20 —————————— Reinette Du Canada
Bramley Original ———————- Reinette Zabergau
Bramleys Seedling ——————— Rhode Island Greening
Brettacher ——————————— Ribston Pippin
Bulmers Norman ———————– Roxbury Russet
Canadian Reinette ———————- Sapora
Catshead ————————————- Schoner von Boscup
Close ——————————————- Scotch Bridget
Cornish Pine ——————————– Shizuka
Coul Blush ———————————– Simla Hills
Coeur de Boeuf —————————– Sir Prize
Court Royal ———————————– Sirus (Sirius)
Creston —————————————— Sixteen Ounce
Crimson Bramley —————————- Snapp Stayman Winesap
Crimson King ———————————- Spigold
Fallwater —————————————- Stark
Gascoynes —————————————- Stayman Winesap
Gascoyne’s Scarlet —————————- Stewart’s Seedling
Gennet-Moyle ———————————– Suntan
Gravenstein ————————————– Thompkins County King
Hambledon Deux Ans ———————— Tom Putt
Hibernal ——————————————– Tower of Glamis
Holstein ——————————————— Turley Winesap
xxxxxxxx ——————————————– Warner’s King
Jargonelle ——————————————- Washington
Jonagold ——————————————— White Dotted Red
Jumbo ————————————————- Winesap
Jupiter ————————————————- Winter Pearmain
Karmijn de Sonnville —————————- Withington Fillbasket
King of Pippins ————————————— Yellow Newton
Kings Acre Pippin ———————————— York Imperial
Lady ——————————————————— Yorkshire Greening
All Red Gravenstein
Alfa 68 (4n)
Baldwin Double Red
Beauty of Hants Myers
Beauty of Kent
Belle-Fleur de France
Belle-Fleur Large Mouche
Belle de Longue
Belle de Tours
Belle Fille de la Manche
Blenheim Orange Wisley
Calville des Femmes
Csikos Orias Halasi
Collington Big Bitters
Coeur de Boeuf
Crowngold (m of Jonagold)
Daniel Fele Renet
Dark Red Staymared
Dubbele Belle Fleur
Dubbele Zoete Aagt
False (received as Reinette Tendre)
False Long Bider
False Morning Pippin
False Rambour d’Ete
Fraise de Buhler
Friedrich der Grosse
Granges Pearmain Barnes
Gros Doux Blanc
Hambledon Deux Ans
Improved Ashmeads Kernel
Isaac Newtons Tree
Jonica (m of Jonagold)
King Jonagold (m of Jonagold)
Kings Acre Pippin
Kirkes Lord Nelson
Lady of the Wemyss
Ladys Finger of Offaly
Mather 2 (4n)
Mere de Menage
Muscadet de Dieppe
Nemes Szercsika Alma
New York E18 (4n)
New York E232 (4n)
Nobil de Geoagiu
Norfolk Summer Broadend
Oranje de Sonnaville
Old English Round
Oranje de Sonnaville
Pepin de Bovelingen
Pomme de Choux a Nez Creu
Pomme de Glace
Poor Mans Profit
Red Belle de Boskoop
Reinette a la Reine
Reinette de Bailleul
Rose de Bouchetiere
Reinette de Bretagne
Reinette de Brucbrucks
Reinette de France
Reinette de IHopital
Reinette de Macon
Reinette du Canada
Reinette Grise de Portugal
Reinette Grise du Canada
Reinette van Ekenstein
Rosa du Perche
Roter Munsterlander Borsdorfer
Roundway Magnum Bonum
Tower of Glamis
unknown (acc. as Hollow Core)
Vicar of Beighton
Late Blooming Apples
Albemarle Pippin – The fruit is greenish-yellow, medium to large with excellent fruit quality. Albemarle Pippin matures in early October and will keep in cold storage for six months.
Arkansas Black – 1870. Dark purplish red skin with yellow juicy flesh. Extremely beautiful medium sized fruit and excellent for cider, not good for either cooking or eating. Late ripening. Remains extremely hard for months after picking. Resistant to cedar apple rust and codling moth. Mid-late season blooming
Ashmead’s Kernel – originated from seed planted by a Dr. Ashmead of Gloucester around 1700. Small to medium size, greenish yellow fruit with brown flush, usually covered with a heavy russet. Crisp, yellowish flesh, juicy and aromatic. Flavor is outstanding, rich and strong, with an acidic sweet flavor. Because of the high acid content, storage for weeks or months mellows the fruit for dessert use. Cropping can be irregular. Annual bearer if thinned. The fruit sets in clusters, and because it is borne on short spurs, the laterals should be shortened back to 3 to 4 buds during pruning. It has a straggly tree growth habit. Makes top-notch cider. Large precocious tree. Ripens the last of September into October. Hardy to –40 degrees F. Will keep 3-4 months.
Bedan – Very late leafing apple, Just starting to show signs of life on May 20.
Belmac – Blooms after spring frosts and ripens in mid to late September. Bright red apples resemble McIntosh in flavor. Fruit will keep for two to three months if stored in a cool place. This tree is amazingly disease resistant and is cold hardy. It will grow in USDA zones 4 through 9.
Bess Pool – Late keeping eating apple. Flesh rather dry with a sweet pleasant flavor.
Black Limbertwig –
Browns Apple – Cider – Ripens mid Oct – Early Nov
Braeburn – Eating – Ripens late Oct, Late midseason blooming.
Bramleys – Large, firm, juicy, tart fruits are often picked green for pies & sauces. Allowed to fully ripen, fruit is yellow/red & suitable for fresh eating. Also used in cider blends. Vigorous & heavy bearing in mid season. Scab & mildew resistant. Pollen sterile, Zone 4-9.
Bramley’s Seedling – Early 1800′s, The large almost flat fruit are greenish-yellow with a red blush. The firm flesh has a tart flavor which is prized for it’s cooking qualities. It blooms late in the season and has sterile pollen. Good for fresh eating, cider blending and cooking. Ripens in October.
Carolina Red June – The tree does well on many different soils, is productive, and tends to bloom late, assuring a crop most years. It is susceptible to apple scab and cedar apple rust. The fruit ripens over a period of several weeks. Ripens late June into July.
Carswell’s Honeydew – Dessert – Mid season ripening – Self-sterile
Chivers Delight – Golden flushed brownish red. Sweet, honeyed, well balanced flavour. Very good tasting.
Cottenham Seedling – A pale yellow slightly greasy skin with orange red stripes. Creamy white flesh, fairly firm, juicy. Cooks to a bright lemon puree with excellent flavour. Keeps well. Late flowering with attractive blossom. Crops well.
Court Pendu Plat – Suitable for areas with late spring frost because it blooms very late and is cold hardy.
Crawley Beauty – Primarily a culinary variety, cooks to a puree with a delicate apple flavour – but can be eaten fresh after storing. Good disease resistance and tolerates a wide range of soil types. Heavy cropping and said to be resistant to scab and canker. Free spurring.
CrimsonCrisp – A wonderful, disease resistant variety. The fruit is medium in size with a very attractive crimson red color over 95% of the surface. CrimsonCrisp has a very firm, crisp texture with a tart, complex flavor. The tree is very grower friendly with a spreading habit. The fruit matures mid-season and will keep in cold storage for six months. ripens September 10
Dabinette – Cider, Mid-late season blooming
Devine – The tree blooms at the same time as the Carolina Red June, and the red fruit with pale red stripes and splashes resembles the Carolina Red June as well. In ripens early in mid to late July.
Ellisons Orange – Mid-late season blooming
Enterprise – An excellent, red color, When polished the apple is a solid fire-engine red. It is highly resistant apple scab and cedar apple rust, and very resistant to powdery mildew and fire blight, with medium to large size and good keeping qualities. Fresh off the tree the apple is a brisk sub-acid, which mellows after a month or two in storage to a wonderful aroma and rich sweet-tart flavor. Very productive, but has a lot of premature drops. Ripens mid October and will keep up to 6 months. Mid-to-late season bloomer
Fiesta – Mid-late season blooming
Florina – Medium to large. Very attractive purple-red over yellow. Medium firm. Aromatic. The complex flavour is a balance of sweet and tart. Keeps well.
Flower of Kent – Cooking – Late ripening – Self-sterile
Foxwhelp – Mid-late season blooming
Frogmore Prolific –
Fuj – firm, crisp, and juicy with a sweet flavor. Stores for 7 to 8 months. Trees can be biennial and are susceptible to fireblight. group 4
Gala – It has a sweet, creamy, yellow flesh. It is great eaten fresh and is excellent for many culinary uses.
Gascoyne’s Scarlet –
Gilpin – Yellow appple with some red blush. Tender, sweet apple that is good for cider. Ripens in October.
Golden Delicious – Mid-late season blooming,
GoldRush – A very late blooming apple. Yellow, crisp medium sized apple with an excellent flavor. Best keeping, disease resistant, apple. It ripens in mid-October to early November and improves in quality after 2 months in storage, & keeps up to 7 months. It has good disease resistance, though it is susceptible to cedar apple rust.
Granny Neighbors – Good disease resistance. It blooms around the sametime as a Rome apple and it begins to ripen from late July to early August.
Green Cheese – Has always been a very popular apple not only for its high quality flavor but for its keeping ability and late blooming which allows it to escape most late spring frosts. Ripens September.
Grimes Golden – It tends to bloom late, making heavy crops most years and light crops other years. It ripens in September and stores fairly well.
Hangy Down – cider
Haralred – Similar to Haralson, but fruit is earlier and redder. Juicy, tart, and firm. Very hardy and the apple stores well. Fireblight resistant. ripens early September
Harlson – Medium sized tart fruits that are excellent for any use. Will often bear fruit the first year. Great storage apple. Fireblight resistant. repens late September
Hatsuaki – Mid-late season blooming
Hauer Pippin – Large, crisp, hard, juicy, tasty, tart apple. a very late, January ripening apple that is far too tannic to eat in November or December, but it can also be picked early and stores all the way into April. It’s delicious, sweet, cidery, and aromatic.
Herfordshire Redstreak – cider
Heusgen’s Golden Reinette –
Hollow Log – it blooms late missing most frosts, and thus reliably produces most years. Begins to ripen the last of June and continues through July into August.
Honeycrisp – Occasionally suffers from apple scab. Honeycrisp will glide through winter temperatures of -40 F, and is hardy in zones 4 through 9. Mid-late season blooming
Hoover – Blooms and leafs out very, very late, at the end of May at the earliest.
Horse – Prolific producer, and early bearer, with fruit ripening July to August.
Idared – A medium-sized deep red apple. Crisp white flesh is tart and juicy, and can be somewhat bland if eaten out of hand, however, Idared is an exceptional cooking apple. Flesh keeps is shape, and the flavour becomes much stronger with cooking. An excellent keeping apple, Idared remains hardy and durable in proper storage for as long as 8 months. Sooty blotch and fireblight can be severe.
Isaac Newton’s Tree / Flower of Kent – Cooker – Mid Oct ripening
Jonamac – Medium size, firm fruit with 90% dark red color over greenish background. Flesh firm, crisp, high quality with flavor similar to McIntosh. Ripens: September – Oct.
Kavanagh – Maine, 1790. Extremely large yellow-green partially russeted fruit. Also called Cathead because of its distinctive shape with large stem end tapering to a small calyx end, typical of Irish apples. Not for fresh eating, but excellent for cooking and drying. A treat fried. Grows to be a huge long-lived tree. Blooms late. Zone 4. Fall ripening.
King (Tompkins County King) – A large apple, yellow background overlaid with red striping and flushing, flattish, oblate shape; yellow flesh that is somewhat sweet, rich and pleasant and juicy. Triploid. Harvest in October. The tree is vigorous, spreading and productive
King David – 1893, Firm, crisp, spicy, juicy, yellow flesh. Very rich and flavorful. Resembles Winesap in appearance and taste. Versatile apple for cider, pies, sauce and eating. Fruits never seem to drop, all the while increasing in brilliance of color. For best eating, should be picked when the red color becomes complete. Good storage ability. Large tree. Very early to bear. Cross-pollinate. It is very disease resistant (fireblight, cedar apple rust, and scab) and it is a late bloomer. Excellent all-purpose apple. ripens late, around Thanksgiving. Many who taste it rate it tops for flavor.
King Edward VII (1902 Worcester, England, UK) Medium to large sized fruit. Flat-round to round shape, slightly ribbed and puckered. Bright green becoming pale yellow. Smooth dry skin. Cream flesh, firm and fairly juicy. Cooks to a well-flavoured , translucent puree. Continues to develop a sweeter taste and then makes a brisk eating apple. Good scab resistance. ripening early fall.
King of the Pippins: (Reine de Reinnettes) 1770s. Medium size golden yellow fruits with a profusion of red stripes and russeting at the bottom, thick skinned. Lots of flavor, highly aromatic; rich, sweet sharp, vinous, almost nutty at times. Its sharp complex flavor does not appeal to everyone. Fairly high acid, but well balanced by sugar when it finally ripens up all the way around the first or second week of october (the last week of ripening makes a huge difference). Pale cream flesh is dense, fine grained, firm, crisp, and moderately juicy. Flesh browns quickly after being cut. It is excellent for eating fresh but also has many culinary uses. It keeps its shape when cooked, and the sweet-sharp juice may also be used for making fresh apple juice and in cider-making. It is noticeably late blooming. Partially self-fertile. naturally small, upright, heavy cropping, but much thinning required for good sized fruit. The tree is vigorous and it is crucial to keep it under control by pruning, to prevent biennial bearing. Remove vertical branches and shorten side branches. Fruiting wood is mostly horizontal. No problem with scab. It is quite slow to start fruiting. Unfortunately it seems to be a poor keeper with the skin and surface getting “rubbery” within a month. It is fully hardy. Ripens mid October.
Kings Acre Pippin – 1899, A large fruit, green with brownish red flush and russet patches. Very rich flavour with a sweet sharp taste. Crisp, juicy texture. A good late keeping garden apple. Pick in Mid October. Store until January.
Kingston Black – A small dark red apple, it is not the easiest of varieties to grow, generally considered a poor cropper and somewhat prone to disease. English cider is traditionally produced using blends of Sweet, Bittersweet, Sharp, and Bittersharp juice. Kingston Black produces one of the best bittersharp juices. Kingston Black is widely believed to have one of the best-flavoured juices. Mid-late season blooming.
Laxton’s Royalty –
Liveland Raspberry (AKA Lowland Raspberry) – An old one from Russia. Medium-to-large sized, round apples. They have pale, creamy-yellow skin covered in red stripes. It is sweet and gentle in flavor.
Lord Derby – An excellent quality cooker. Large, firm, attractive, green fruit with a distinctive ribbed angular shape. Cook early when green for a sharp taste. Milder if picked when fully ripe (at which point the skin develops a more yellow hue). Good for pies. It has naturally good disease resistance. Likes cooler weather. Pick in Late October. Store until December.
Macfree – A scab, powdery mildew, cedar apple rust and fireblight resistant variety with MacIntosh parentage. Not nearly as good as MacIntosh. Fruit tend to be small, thin for better size. Tree is moderately vigorous and spreading. Hangs on the tree very well, Ripens around September 15th. Zone 4
Macoun – 1923, McIntosh x Jersey Black. Dark reddish purple fruit is sweet, firm and very flavorful. Blooms late and is very productive. Highly fireblight resistant. Medium size, vigorous, hardy, spur type, productive tree. Upright habit; needs training to develop a spreading top. Zone 4 hardy. Ripens late September to early October.
Major – Cider, Ripens late Sept-early Oct
May Queen – Large, oblate, often russetted yellow apple with bright red blush and stripes. Crisp, greenish-yellow flesh, rich, flavour. Similar texture to Ribston Pippin, and in a good year, its equal in flavour. In bad years it can be rather dry and harsh. A good flavoured very crunchy late keeping apple. Excellent keeper. Heavy annual bearer.
Melrose – A dull-colored apple with a long storage life and late ripening time. This fruit is less tart than some similar varieties, such as Jonathan, and works well both in cooking and when eaten fresh. Melrose pollinates well with most other mid- to late-season apples. Mid-to-late season bloomer
Merton Beauty –
Michelin – Mid-late season blooming
Mother – Medium-sized yellow apple with crimson stripes and darker red blush. White flesh is rich, sweet and juicy. Cropping can be a bit irregular, if not completely biennial. A late flowering variety that avoids frost. Some resistance to scab.
Newtown Pippin – The squat, medium-sized, yellowish-green fall Newtown Pippin has a pine-like tartness, crisp texture, and inviting fragrance. A good candidate for eating fresh or for making cider. Somewhat prone to skin damage.
Nittany – originally developed by Pennsylvania State University and ripens in early October. It is dull red and has yellowish, firm flesh. Nittany apples are tart and store for as long as 6 months. Nittany can pollinate any mid- to late-season apple other than itself.
Northern Spy – An excellent cooking apple. Also great as a fresh picked fruit with a spicy, aromatic flavor. Large, roundish fruit with smooth, thin, dark red skin. The clean, white flesh is fine-grained, very tender, crisp, juicy, aromatic, and and tart. An excellent keeper which ripens in October. When grown in warmer areas it lacks the crispness and flavor of fruit grown in cooler regions. Fire blight resistant. Zone 3-9.
Northwest Greening – Golden Russet x Alexander. Originated in Wisconsin. Introduced in 1872. Large to very large, handsome fruit; up to 5” across. Waxy, smooth, pale green skin with a hint of yellow; turns to yellow when mature. Juicy, mild sub acid flavor. Excellent cooking apple, especially for pies. Keeps well into winter. Often used as a late-season pollinizer. Lots of disease resistance. Ripens in October. Hardy to -50 F.
Norton Wonder –
Orleans Reinette – 18th century French apple. medium to large-sized, somewhat flattened apples. Golden-yellow fruit flushed red with a russet webbing, and aromatic, firm, sweet flesh. Extraordinary complex flavor, similar to Blenheim Orange. Early fruit can be cooked and slices keep shape. Makes a sweet baked apple. Pick in Mid October. Store until January. Fireblight has been bad due to late blooms.
Pink Lady – Requires a very long growing period and a hot climate. One of the best when at its prime in California when left on the tree all the way into mid January right at the end of leaf drop. It also stores incredibly well, and develops excellent flavor in amateur storage conditions. Mid-late season blooming. Super late.
Pitmaston Pineapple – England around 1785. Juicy, sugary flesh, excellent flavor. Belongs to a class of old russeted English dessert apples neglected today because of their small size. Has a tendency to biennial bearing. Hardy to zone 6. Harvested in mid-September. Keeps well in storage.
Polly Eades – (Big Horse Creek Farm) Believed to be an offspring of the more well-known Horse apple, Polly Eades is a late bloomer, thus escaping most late spring frosts. Tree bears early and produces a fruit which can be used for cooking or fresh eating. Fruit is medium to large, slightly conical with deep yellow skin with a red blush on the sunny side. Yellowish flesh is juicy, tender, aromatic, and rather tart. Ripens July to August.
Prairie Fire –
Prairie Spy – Large yellow fruit with a red blush, resembles Northern Spy. Good flavor that improves in storage, a very good keeper. Scab and cedar apple rust resistant. Late bloomer, ripens early October. Exceptionally hardy selection from Minnesota, to Zone 2.
Queen Cox – Blooms slightly earlier than most late season apples, but in many areas well after the last spring frost. Queen Cox is one of the very few self-fertile apples. Slightly higher yeilding than Cox and redder in colour. Green apples streaked with gold and red. Apples have a delicious balance of sweet and tart. Ripen in September or early October. Store until January.
Ralls Janet – Its most distiguishing feature is that it is one of the latest blooming trees. It ripens in late October and early November.
Red Boskoop – Routinely escapes spring frosts and goes on to bear heavily. Fruit production will be low the first few years, until the tree is established. Boskoop will keep for months in a cool, dark area such as a covered porch or garage. This variety is resistant to apple scab. Hardy in zones 4 through 9.
Red Court – Mid-late season blooming
Red Flesh – Mid-late season blooming.
Red Wealthy – Medium sized red version of the Wealthy. A very good crisp and juicy variety for dessert or cider. Picked early it makes great pies or sauce. Early fall ripening and a good keeper. Good disease resistance to scab, cedar apple rust and fireblight. Very ornamental with abundant flowers over a long period and is an excellent pollinator for other varieties. Early to bear and is very productive. This is among the hardiest of varieties. From Excelsior, MN. Zone 2-9.
Red Winesap – Rich red skin with white flesh and a crisp texture. These apples are known for their “winey” flavor and are popular with cider makers. Red Winesap apples are pollen-sterile and can’t pollinate other trees, but can be pollinated by other varieties.
Reinette d’ Orlean – Blooms and leafs out very, very late, at the end of May at the earliest.
Reinette Rouge Etoilée –
Ribston Pippin – Yorkshire, England, around 1700. A very high quality English dessert apple. Skin is yellow with an orange blush and red streaked with russet dots. Yellow flesh is firm, fine-grained, and ultra-sweet with a rich pear-like flavour. Ripens September to October.
Rome Beauty (AKA Red Rome, Rome) – 1816 Ohio. Medium to large red skinned fruit. Crisp, tart white flesh. Good for use in pies, sauces and baking but can be disappointing fresh. This tree pollinates with a number of popular apple varieties. Self-fertile, bears early and heavily. Ripens in September.
Royal Jubilee – A disease free cooking apple. Large fruit with sharp, slightly pear-like quality. Good for jucing and as puree. Noted for its frost hardiness. Self fertile. Pick in September.
Roxbury Russet – originated early in the 17th century in Roxbury, Massachusetts. Quite hardy and vigorous, but with a tendency to biennial bearing. A high-sugar cider apple, this big fall apple is also good for fresh eating or cooking. It keeps well. The skin is greenish, bronze, and yellow-brown russet. Resistant to scab and mildew, blooms late. Quite hardy and vigorous, but with a tendency to biennial bearing. Ripens in late September to October.
Shay – Mid-late season blooming
Snowsweet – A new apple from the University of Minnesota. Sharon x Connel Red. The sweet and tart flavor is outstanding. Really crisp and juicy. Fruits are large and reddish-bronze. Flesh is very white. Very hardy. ripens in September
Spigold is an exceptionally high quality with firm, fine grained, crisp yellow flesh. It stores very well. It has a flavor that combines Northern Spy and Golden Delicious into a superior blend. It is good for fresh eating, cooking and baking. The tree is a strong, hardy grower. It blooms late and requires a pollinizer as it is a triploid. Requires early training. Ripens in October. Zones 3-10.
Spitzenburg – Large, round, reddish orange fruit with crisp, slightly tart flavor, aromatic. Great keeper. Resistant to scab, fire blight and cedar rust. Zone 3-9.
Stayman Winesap – Firm, tender, juicy, yellowish flesh. Tart, rich, wine-like flavor. Excellent firm cooking apple with spicy taste. Best for baking and cider. Medium to large, moderately vigorous tree bears early and heavily. Blooms late. Pollen sterile- triploid. Fire blight, scab and cedar apple rust resistant. Ripens September into October. Zones 5-8.
Stearns – Red stripes on a yellow background and its crisp flesh almost dissolves on your tongue; cooking, it originated in North Syracuse, New York
Stoke Edith Pippin – 1872. Russet freckled over gold. Sweet light slightly scented in November, easy to eat apple. Quite soft, juicy, pale yellow flesh. Pick in Early October. Store until March.
Stoke Red –
Summer Rambo – Large, brightly striped, red fruit. Flesh is yellowish-green and crisp with an exceptionally juicy subacid flavor. A vigorous, hardy and productive apple variety. Best for fresh eating, sauce and baking. Late season bloomer. Pollen sterile. Pollinator required. Semi-dwarf. Zone 4. Ripens in early August.
Summer Rose – medium to large, pale greenish yellow flushed orange-red, streaked with carmine, White flesh is fine and tender, and the flavor is slightly subacid. Ripens June to July.
Summer Queen (Early Queen, Orange Apple, Queen) – It is a very productive tree and is a late bloomer which protects it from most late spring frosts. Ripens July to August.
Suncrisp – Matures in October, blooms very late, so escapes late freezes. Stores well but is very susceptible to fireblight. It is supposed to combine the best of Cox Orange and Gold Delicious.
Suntan – 1955, Cox Orange Pippin x Court Pendu Plat. Suntan is a handsome late dessert apple, rich, sweet, with plenty of pineapple-like acidity and very aromatic and has a fantastic flavour. It is a triploid so needs a pollinator, but is a regular and heavy cropper.
Sweet 16 – Minnesota, 1978. A rosy red, smooth finish, fine-textured, crisp, high sugar, moderate acid apple with a unique pleasing and an almost vanilla or cherry-like flavor. The fruits are medium to large sized, normally fully colored by both stripes and a solid wash of rosy red. The flesh is fine-textured and crisp and exceptionally sweet. Somewhat resistant to fire blight and scab. It is an early bearing and dependable producer. Ripens in September.
Tan Yard Seedling – Late ripening yellow apple, blooms late in the season, good for pies and cooking
Terry Winter – It blooms very late, escaping most frosts. Ripens in mid-November. bears fruit almost every year. fruit hangs on tree until mid-November, sweet apples.
Tolman Sweet – 1822, Round, medium to large fruit. Pale yellow skin that may show some blushing and russeting. Firm, rather hard, moderately fine white flesh. Excellent sweet flavor. Highly esteemed for baking, stewing and making cider. The tree is very hardy, productive and blooms late. It can be somehwat biennial. Very hardy and healthy, but somewhat susceptible to fire blight. Hardy to –50F. Ripens October to November.
Tsugaru – Mid-late season blooming
William Crump – Worcester 1910. Cox’s Orange Pippin x Worcester Pearmain. Large green-yellow with red stripes and orange-red flush, with some russeting. Rich, intense and aromatic mellowing to Cox flavour. Cooks well. Pick in Mid October. Store until January.
Winesap – Originated in New Jersey around 1800 and has given rise to many other famous Southern apples including Kinnaird’s Choice, Stayman, and Arkansas Black. Grows well in nearly all soil types and noted for its excellent storage qualities. Fruit is medium-sized with dark yellow skin mostly covered with stripes of dark red. Yellow flesh is crisp, firm and very juicy. Wonderful flavor with a snap or “twang” that is characteristic of this famous apple. Ripens in October.
Winston (Winter King) – Greenish-yellow skin, flushed with dull, darkish red, must thin in May, or you will get vast numbers of tiny fruits. It is a very late keeping variety which is well flavored, extremely crunchy, and will keep in natural cool storage until May. If you like granny Smith, you will like this one, only Winston has more flavor.
Winter Banana – 1876, Large apple with beautiful pale yellow, waxy skin usually blushed with a rosy blush. The yellowish-white flesh is crisp and juicy with a mild flavor and an aroma. It has a low chill requirement suitable for planting in warm regions. Susceptible to cedar apple rust and fireblight. Ripens during October.
Woolbrook Pippin -
Wolf River – Apples are far larger than most varieties. Pale-yellow skin that is nearly covered with bright-red flush and red stripes and russet dots over most of the surface. The soft, tender whitish flesh is coarse-grained and moderately juicy with a tart flavor. They are an outstanding cooking apple. Diseases are not usually a problem with this variety, and winter cold tolerance is excellent. Resistant to scab, mildew, & cedar rust. Zone 2 – 9. Ripen in late September. Mid-late season blooming.
Yellow Newton Pippin – The greenish yellow apple is crisp and tart but sweeter than a Granny Smith. A late blooming tree that is self pollinating and vigorous. Ripens late Oct.
York Imperial – 1830, Medium to large, skin is greenish-yellow with splashes of red, and the flesh is yellow, juicy, coarse, crisp, and sprightly subacid. Late or very late ripening. Outstanding for baking pies or making cider and is a great keeper. It is susceptible to cedar apple rust, fireblight, and cork-spot. Ripens in October.
Apples Resistant to Cedar Apple Rust
Akane – Moderately resistant to blight and to C.A.R.
Arkansas Black – R
Baldwin – VR
Barry – R
Britemac – R
Caney Fork Limbertwig
Chestnut Crab – R
Dayton – R
Delblush – VR
Delicious – VR
Dolgo Crab – Resistant to scab, cedar apple rust, mildew and fireblight.
Duchess of Oldenburg – Resistant to apple scab, cedar apple rust and fire blight.
Earliblaze – ?
Early McIntosh – R
Empire – R
Enterprize – VR
Early Transparent – R
Freedom – Immune to scab; moderately resistant to blight and C.A.R.
Fireside – R
Fortune – R
Gala Supreme – VR
Granny Smith – R
Gravenstein Holly – VR
Grimes Golden – Resistant to fireblight and cedar apple rust.
Golden Supreme – R
Hampshire – VR
Haralson – Some resistance to fireblight and cedar apple rust.
Jerseymac – VR
Jonamac – R
Joseph’s Apple – Very resistant to cedar apple rust, fireblight, powdery mildew, and apple scab.
Keepsake – Resistant to fire blight and cedar apple rust.
King David – Very resistant to fireblight, cedar apple rust, and scab
Libdel – The same resistances as Liberty. A huge triploid.
Liberty – Resistant to scab, fire blight, mildew and cedar-apple rust.
Magnolia Gold – ?
Macfree – Resistant to apple scab, powdery mildew, cedar apple rust, and fire blight.
Macoun – R
Maiden Blush – R
McIntosh – VR
Melrose – R
Milton – VR
Mollies Delicious – VR
Murray – Immune to scab; resistant to C.A.R.
Moira – R
Niagara – R
NY 75840-1 – R
Paulared – R
Priscilla – R
Puritan – R
Newtown Pippon – R
Niagara – R
NJ90 – R
Nova Easy Gro – Excellent resistance to scab and cedar apple rust, and moderate resistance to fire blight and mildew.
Novamac – Highly resistant to apple scab, resistant to cedar apple rust and fire blight, but susceptible to mildew.
Pink Lady – R
Prairie Spy – Scab and cedar apple rust resistant.
Prima – Moderately resistant to fire blight. Resistant to cedar apple rust but susceptible to quince rust.
Priscilla – Field immune to apple scab; high level of resistance to fire blight; high level of resistance to cedar-apple rust; good level of resistance to powdery mildew.
Pristine – Field immune to scab, resistant to powdery mildew, slightly resistant to cedar-apple rust and moderately resistant to fire blight.
Razor Russet – ?
Redfree – VR
Red Wealthy – Good disease resistance to scab, cedar apple rust and fireblight.
Regent – susceptible to fire blight and scab, but very resistant to cedar apple rust.
Runkel – VR
Sansa – VR
Scarlet O’Hara – R
Scotia – R
Sir Prize – This triploid variety is immune to apple scab, and resistant to mildew and cedar-apple rust, but it is very susceptible to fireblight.
Spartan – R
Spigold – ?
Spitzenburg – Resistant to scab, fire blight and cedar rust.
Starkspur Earliblaze – R
Stark Bounty – ?
Suncrisp – R
Sundance – VR
Trent – R
Viking – R
Virginia Beauty –
Wealthy – Some reports say Wealthy is resistant to scab, fire blight, and cedar-apple rust. Other reports say Wealthy is highly suseptable to cedar apple rust
Wellington – R
Williams’ Pride – VR
Wolf River – Resistant to scab, mildew, fireblight and cedar apple rust.
Stayman Winesap – Fire blight, scab and cedar apple rust resistant. Some reports say that Stayman Winesaps are not resistant to cedar apple rust.
William’s Pride – Resistant to apple scab, cedar-apple rust, fire blight and powdery mildew.
Wolf River – MR
Yellow Transparent – Resistant to cedar apple rust and scab and can be grown in all areas of the South including the warmer coastal plain.
Zestar! – VR
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